Post-natal care uptake and associated factors among nursing mothers in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
Globally, postnatal care is a strategic public health intervention to aid significant reduction in maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. This study aimed to assess the level of postnatal care (PNC) uptake and associated factors among nursing mothers for improved maternal and newborn outcomes in Benin City, Edo State. Two hundred and twenty (220) nursing mothers attending immunization clinics in University of Benin Teaching hospital, Benin City were studied using a descriptive cross-sectional study design. Data analysis was carried out using IBM SPSS version 21.0 statistical software after sorting and collating researcher administered questionnaire. Results were represented as prose, frequency tables and figures, univariate and bivariate analysis to assess postnatal care uptake and associated factors was carried out with level of significance set at P<0.050. Two hundred and five (93.2%) of the respondents studied registered and attended antenatal care (ANC) during pregnancy. One hundred and twenty-one (55.5%) of respondents studied had good knowledge of PNC, 190 (86.4%) had a positive attitude towards PNC, while 159 (72.3%) attended PNC. ANC registration (P<0.001), knowledge of PNC (P=0.002) and attitude towards PNC (P=0.013) were identified as significant factors influencing PNC among nursing mothers. Postnatal care uptake was high among study participants. ANC registration was a major determinant of postnatal care uptake in the study area, in addition to also significantly influencing knowledge of PNC and attitude towards PNC among nursing mothers studied. There is need to sustain and improve on the gains of postnatal care (PNC) uptake among nursing mothers in Benin City, by promoting sensitizations campaigns to promote ANC registration and attendance among pregnant women.
Tesfahun F, Worku W, Mazengiya F, Kifle M. Knowledge, Perception and Utilization of Postnatal Care of Mothers in Gondar Zuria District, Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Matern Child Health J 2014; 18:2341–2351. [assessed on 10/03/2016]
Alenoghena I. O, Isah E. C, Isara A. R. Maternal Health Services Uptake and its Determinants in Public Primary Health Care Facilities. The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2015. http://www.npmj.org
Sultana N, Shaikh B.T. Low utilization of postnatal care: searching the window of opportunity to save mothers and newborns lives in Islamabad capital territory, Pakistan. BMC Res Notes. 2015; 8:645 DOI 10.1186/s13104-015-1646-2. [assessed 10/03/2016] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1646-2
Warren C. E. Exploring the quality and effect of comprehensive postnatal care models in East and Southern Africa. ICRH Monographs. 2015. International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent (ICRH), Ghent University.
World health organization. WHO recommendations on postnatal care of the mother and the newborn. Geneva: WHO press; 2013:3-4
Warren C, Daly P, Toure L, Mongi P. ‟Postnatal care” in Opportunities for Africa’s Newborns, ed. Joy Lawn and Kate Kerber. (Cape Town, South Africa: Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and childhealth, Save the children, UNFPA, UNICEF, USAID, WHO and partners) 2006 : 80-90.
Langlois E.V, Miszkurka M, Ziegler D, Karp I, Zunzunegui M.V. Protocol for a systematic review on inequalities in postnatal care services utilization in low- and middle-income countries. Systematic Reviews. 2013; 2:55. http://www.systematicreviewsjournal.com/content/2/1/55 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-4053-2-55
Ayanore M. A, Pavlova M, Groot W. Unmet reproductive health needs among women in some West African countries: asystematic review of outcome measures and determinants. Reproductive Health. 2016; 13:5DOI 10.1186/s12978-015-0104-x. [cited 10/03/2016] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-015-0104-x
Edo state of Nigeria. Nigeria information and Guide, 2011. Available at www.nigeriagalleria.com.
Cochran W.G. Sampling Techniques. Third Edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.1977:149-156.
Ijadunola K. T., Orji E. O., & Ajibade F. O. Contraceptive awareness and use among sexually active breast feeding mothers in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. East African Medical Journal 2005; 82(5):250–256 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/eamj.v82i5.9315
Brown V.B, Oluwatosin A. Ogundeji M.O. Experiences, perceptions and preferences of mothers towards childhood immunization reminder/recall in Ibadan, Nigeria: a cross-sectional study. PAMJ 2015; 20(20): 243. Available at www.panafrican –med-journal.com/content/article/20/243/full. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2015.20.243.6019
Idowu A, Deji S.A, Ogunlaja O, Olajide S.O. Determinants of Intention to use Postpartum Family Planning among womens attending Immunization Clinic of a Tertiary hospital in Nigeria. American Journal of Public health research. 2015; 3(4):122-127. Available at pubs.sciepub.com/ajphr/3/4
Azubuike S.O, Okwuokei S.O. Knowledge, attitude and practices of women towards breastcancer in Benin City, Nigeria. AMHSR 2015;3(2):155-160.
National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ICF International. 2014. Nigeria Demographic andHealth Survey 2013. Abuja, Nigeria, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NPC and ICF International.
Abhulimhen-Iyoha B.I, Ibadin M.O. Determinants of cord care practices among mothers in Benin City, Edo state, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practices 2012; 15(2):210-213. Available at www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3070;year=2012;volume=15;issue=2;spage=210;epage=213;aulast=Abhulimhen-Iyoha DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/1119-3077.97320
National population commission, national and state housing table. Abuja: NpopC; 2006: 257-300.
Timilsina S, Rojana D. Knowledge on Postnatal Care Among Postnatal Mothers. Saudi Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 2015; 1(4):87-92
Ukegbu A.U, Ukebgu P.O, Onyeonoro U.U, Ubajaka C.F. Determinants of breastfeeding patterns among mothers in Anambra State, Nigeria. SAJCH 2011; 5(4): 112-116.
Tesfahun T, Worku W, Mazengivya F, Kifle M. Knowledge, Perception and Utilization of Postnatal Care of Mothers in Gondar Zuria District, Ethiopia: A Cross-SectionalStudy. Matern Child Health J 2014; 18:2341–2351 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-014-1474-3
Sileo, K. M. Determinants of Family Planning Service Uptake and Use of Contraceptives among Postpartum Women in Rural Uganda. Master's Theses. Paper 602. University of Connecticut Graduate School. 2014. http://digitalcommons.uconn.edu/gs_theses/602
Vikhlyaeva, E., Nikolaeva, E., Brandrup-Lukanow, A. (2001). Contraceptive use and family planning after labor in the European part of the Russian Federation: 2-year monitoring. European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care 2001; 6(4): 219–226.
Dahiru T, Oche O.M. Determinants of antenatal care, institutional delivery and postnatal care services utilization in Nigeria. Pan African Medical Journal. 2015; 21:321 doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.21.321.6527. Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/21/321/full/ [assessed 10/03/2016] DOI: https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2015.21.321.6527
Timilsina S, Rojana D. Knowledge on Postnatal Care among Postnatal Mothers. Saudi Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 2015;1(4):87-92.
- Abstract views: 746
- PDF: 326
Copyright (c) 2019 Andrew Obi, Otaniyenuwa Obarisiagbon
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.