Acute transverse myelitis following carpet viper snakebite in Northeast Nigeria

  • Nura H. Alkali | nalkali@yahoo.com Department of Medicine, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
  • Sulaiman T. Sa'ad Department of Radiology, Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria.
  • Abubakar Saidu Department of Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria.
  • Jacob A. Dunga Department of Medicine, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
  • Fadimatu K. Sa'ad Department of Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria.
  • Godiya Ishaya Department of Medicine, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Snakebite is a major cause of death and disability in developing countries. The common clinical features of snake envenomation include bleeding, acute kidney injury, dilated pupils and muscle paralysis resulting from the deleterious effects of venom toxins on human plasma proteins, cell membranes, muscle fibers and vascular endothelium. Snakes also harbour pathogenic organisms that may infect bite victims during envenomation, but few studies have described this phenomenon. We herein report a rare case of acute transverse myelitis occurring after snakebite in Northeast Nigeria, and discuss the possible role of bacteria and viruses after excluding other potential causes of myelopathy. This knowledge may help improve the care of snakebite victims among internists and emergency physicians.

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Published
2020-01-15
Section
Case Reports
Keywords:
Acute transverse myelitis; Myelopathy; Snakebite; Snake venom
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How to Cite
Alkali, Nura, Sulaiman Sa’ad, Abubakar Saidu, Jacob Dunga, Fadimatu Sa’ad, and Godiya Ishaya. 2020. “Acute Transverse Myelitis Following Carpet Viper Snakebite in Northeast Nigeria”. Annals of African Medical Research 2 (2). https://doi.org/10.4081/aamr.2019.70.