Prevalence, pattern and factors associated with problematic phone use among youths in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria
Mobile phones have increasingly penetrated our societies with huge benefits accrued from its use. A rapidly growing number of youths are acquiring the cell but the extent to which usage constitutes a problem in their daily lives has not been studied much in northern Nigeria. This study assessed the prevalence, pattern, perceived effect and factors associated with problematic phone use among youths in Kano metropolis. Using a descriptive cross-sectional design, 320 youths aged 15-24 years old who were available on social media sites (Twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp) were studied. A pretested online questionnaire was sent to respondents via the different social media and entries collected for a month. Data was analyzed using SPSS vs 21.0. Majority (N=210; 65.6%) of the study participants were habitual users, while 10.3% (n=33) were problematic users. An additional 10% (n=32) were found to be at risk of problematic phone use. Three quarters of the respondents (n=238; 74.4%) spent five or more hours on their phones per day, more than half (n=175; 54.7%) were awakened at least once in the night and majority (n=230; 71.8%) used their phones in inappropriate situations. Reported symptoms were mainly physical symptoms (n=144; 45.0%) such as headache, ear warmth and injuries. Problematic phone use was not associated with sociodemographic factors, however was associated with excessive usage patterns and reported negative symptoms. There is a relatively high prevalence of problematic phone use with reported physical and social consequences among youths in Kano metropolis. Public health strategies that include parents and families would go a long way to limit excessive use of mobile phones among youths.
Ahmed I, Qazi TF, Perji KA. Mobile phone to youngsters: Necessity or addiction. Afr Jo Bus Manag 2011;5:12512-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22610/imbr.v2i5.902
Carbonell X, Oberst U, Beranuy M. The cell phone in the twenty-first century: a risk for addiction or a necessary tool? In: Principles of addiction. San Diego: Elsevier Inc.; 2013: p. 901–9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-398336-7.00091-7
Meagher B. Problematic mobile phone use: An emerging disorder? Psych 2017;39. Available from: https://www.psychology.org.au/for-members/publications/inpsych/2017/oct/Problematic-mobile-phone-use-An-emerging-disorder
Billieux J. Problematic use of the mobile phone: a literature review and a pathways model. Current Psychiatry Reviews 2012;8:1-9.
Van Velthoven MH, Powell J, Powell G. Problematic smartphone use: Digital approaches to an emerging public health problem. Digit Heal 2018;4:1–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2055207618759167
Lopez-Fernandez O, Honrubia-Serrano L, Freixa-Blanxart M, Gibson W. Prevalence of Problematic Mobile Phone Use in British Adolescents. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2014;17:91-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2012.0260
Elhai JD, Dvorak RD, Levine JC, Hall BJ. Problematic smartphone use: A conceptual overview and systematic review of relations with anxiety and depression psychopathology. J Affect Disord 2017;207:251–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.08.030
National Information Society Agency. Report on the Development of Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale for Youth and Adults. Seoul: The Agency; 2011
Stephen N. History of Global Systems for Mobile Communication in Nigeria. Available from: https://onlinenaijatech.blogspot.com/2012/06/history-of-global-system-for-mobile.html
Kim D, Lee Y, Lee J, et al. Development of Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale for Youth. PLoS One 2014;9:e97920. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097920
National Bureau of Statistics, National Population Commission. National Population Estimates. 2016.
Brinkhoff T. Kano. Available from: https://www.citypopulation.de/php/nigeria-admin.php?adm1id=NGA020
National Bureau of Statistics. Telecoms Data: Active Voice and Internet per State, Porting and Tariff Information. 2019.
De-Sola J, Talledo H, Rodríguez de Fonseca F, Rubio G. Prevalence of problematic cell phone use in an adult population in Spain as assessed by the Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale (MPPUS). PLoS One 2017;1–17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181184
Atif A, Richards D, Bilgin A. Estimating non-response bias in a web-based survey of technology acceptance: a case study of unit guide information systems. 23rd Australasian Conference on Information Systems. 2012. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280860298_Estimating_Non-Response_Bias_in_a_Web-Based_Survey_of_Technology_Acceptance_A_Case_Study_of_Unit_Guide_Information_Systems/link/57ad257a08ae7a6420c35225/download
Fricker RD. Sampling Methods for Web and E-mail Surveys. In: The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods. 2 ed. SAGE Publications Limited; 2016: p. 195–216. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4135/9780857020055.n11
Gupta N, Garg S, Arora K. Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol 2016;6:132–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0311201599
Söderqvist F, Carlberg M, Hardell L. Use of wireless telephones and self-reported health symptoms: A population-based study among Swedish adolescents aged 15-19 years. Environ Heal 2008;7:1–10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-7-18
Foerster M, Roser K, Schoeni A, Röösli M. Problematic mobile phone use in adolescents: derivation of a short scale MPPUS-10. Int J Public Health 2015;60:277–86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-015-0660-4
United Nations Population Fund. Adolescents and Youth Dashboard – Nigeria. 2017. Available from: https://www.unfpa.org/data/adolescent-youth/NG
Jenaro C, Flores N, Gomez-Vela M, Gonzalez-Gil F, Caballo C. Problematic Internet and cell-phone use: psychological, behavioral and health correlates. Addict Res Theory 2007;15:309-20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/16066350701350247
Smetaniuk P. A preliminary investigation into the prevalence and prediction of problematic cell phone use. J Behav Addict 2014;3:41–53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1556/JBA.3.2014.004
Kuss DJ, Kanjo E, Crook-Rumsey M. et al. Problematic mobile phone use and addiction across generations: the roles of psychopathological symptoms and smartphone use. J Technol Behav Sci 2018;3:141–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41347-017-0041-3
Brown FC, Buboltz WC, Soper B. Relationship of sleep hygiene awareness, sleep hygiene practices, and sleep quality in university students. Behav Med 2002;28:33–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08964280209596396
Billieux J. Problematic use of the mobile phone: a literature review and a pathways model. Current Psychiatry Reviews 2012;8:299–07. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/157340012803520522
- Abstract views: 51
- PDF: 34
Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.