Profile and sexual practices of inmates in a correctional service facility in north-west Nigeria
Accepted: January 22, 2021
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
Prisoners are not exempted from sexual desire. Therefore, sexual activity is continuous in various forms behind bar, regardless of the stringent rules. However, little is known about such behaviours during incarceration in Katsina State, Nigeria. This study aimed to determine the sociodemographic and forensic characteristics as well as sexual practices among prison inmates in Katsina. A descriptive cross-sectional study was done to collect data of 216 inmates using semi-structured questionnaires from September 24th, 2018 to November 9th, 2018 (6 weeks) at Katsina Central Correctional Service. Data was analyzed using IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (SPSS) Version 20. The mean (± Standard deviation, SD) ages of respondents were 31.5±10.9 years. Most of the respondents (94%) were male, almost half of them (44.4%) had secondary school education, more than half (55.1%) were into business or trading and the majority (75.9%) were awaiting trial. Nearly all inmates (98.6%) reported having sexual desire. Watching the nakedness of others (44.4%) and masturbation (38%) were the commonest means of sexual expression and satisfaction of sexual desire while in prison. The study found predominant male inmates who were within the reproductive and sexually active age group, with secondary school education and unemployed. The majority had sexual desires, with watching nakedness of others and masturbation as the commonest means of satisfying their sexual desires. Correctional facility authorities should implement sexual health programs for inmates and consider conjugal visitations/furloughs.
Walmsley R. World prison population list. London: Institute for Criminal Policy Research. 2016
Chukwudi F. Challenges of reforms in the Nigerian Prison system: lessons from USA and South Africa. J Soc Sci 2012;4:5-46.
Marcum D, Castle TL eds. Sex in Prison: Myths and Realities. Lynne Rienner Publishers. 2014.
Lawan UM, Amole GT, Shuaib MJ. Sexual health of prison inmates: a case study of Kano Central Prison, North Western Nigeria. Afr J Reproduct Health 2016;20:93-103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29063/ajrh2016/v20i1.10
Gear S. Sex, sexual violence and coercion in men’s prisons. Paper presented at Aids in Context International Conference, 4 – 7th April 2001. University of Witwatersrand, South Africa. 2001. Accessed on 7 July 2017. Available at from: https://csvr.org.za/docs/correctional/sexsexualviolence.pdf
Goyer KC. HIV/AIDS in Prison: Problems, Policies and Potentials. Paper presented at the Institute for Security Studies; 2003.
Sabitu K, Iliyasu Z, Joshua IA. An assessment of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and associated Risky Behavior among inmates of Kaduna Prison, the implications for prevention programs in Nigerian prisons. Nigerian J Med 2009;18:52-8.
Olusegun LI, Melvin OA. Prison Reform and HIV/AIDS in selected Nigeria Prisons. J Int Soc Res 2008;1:4.
Chima C, Labo HS, Adebayo S, et al. High HIV seroprevalence rates in prisons in Nigeria: a case of double sentencing for prison inmates. The Society for Family Health Rapid Assessment Report; 2009
National Bureau of Statistics. 2016 Accessed on 8 March 2019. Available from: http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng
Ajayi JO. Nigeria Prisons and the Dispensation of Justice. Int J Arts Human 2012;1:208-33.
Katsina Prison Services. 2018. Accessed on March 29, 2018. Available at: https://www.proshareng.com/admin/ upload/report/10669-NBSPRISONFULLREPORT20112016-proshare.pdf
Lwanga SK, Lemeshow S. Sample size determination in health studies, A practical manual. WHO 1991:1–3.
Richters J, Butler T, Yap L, et al. Sexual health and behaviour of New South Wales prisoners. Sydney: School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales; 2008, p.26.
Okochi CA, Oladepo O, Ajuwon AJ. Knowledge about AIDS and sexual behaviours of inmates of Agodi prison in Ibadan, Nigeria. Int Quarterly Comm Health Educ 2000;19:353-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2190/CJLC-DGMM-ME43-FDXN
Olugbenga-Bello AL, Adeoye OA, Osagbemi KG. Assessment of the Reproductive Health Status of Adult Prison Inmates in Osun State, Nigeria. Int J Reproduct Med 2013;451460. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/451460
Agbahowe SA, Ohaeri JU, Ogunlesi AO, Osahon R. Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among convicted inmates in a Nigerian prison community. East Afr Med J 1998;75:19-26.
Baillargeon J. Psychiatric disorder and repeated incarceration: The revolving prison door. Am J Psychiatr 1999;166:103-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.08030416
Audu O, Ogbo SJ, Abdullahi AU, et al. Sexual Risk Behaviour and Knowledge of HIV/AIDS among male prison inmates in Kaduna State, North Western Nigeria. Int J Tropical Dis Health 2013;3:57-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/IJTDH/2013/2901
Susan C. Impact a decade of global leadership and innovation. Final report on implementing AIDS prevention and care project. Family Health International 1997-2007.
Fadare RI, Akpor AO, Oshodi GE. Prevalence of HIV and Risk Factors among prison inmates in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Int J Nurs Health Sci 2016;3:31-6.
Odujinrin MT, Adebajo SB. Social characteristics, HIV/AIDS knowledge, preventive practices and risk factors elicitation among prisoners in Lagos, Nigeria. West Afr J Med 2001;20:191-8.
Aduba JN. A penological note on the prisons in Plateau State of Nigeria. Jos Lawyers Bi-Annual 1995;2.
Dambazau AB. Criminology and Criminal Justice. Ibadan, Spectrum Books. 2007
Jefferson AM, Martin TM. Prisons in Africa. Handbook on Prisons 2016;23:423-40.
Armiya’u AY, Obembe A, Audu MD, Afolaranmi TO. Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among inmates in Jos maximum security prison. Open J Psychiat 2013;3:12-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/ojpsych.2013.31003
Butler T, Gavin A, Stephen A, et al. Mental disorder in Australian prison. A comparison with a community sample. Austr/New Zeal J Psychiatr 2006;40:272-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/j.1440-1614.2006.01785.x
Rabbebbe IB. Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among convicted inmates in Maiduguri prison. An unpublished fellowship thesis submitted to the West African College of Physicians; 1999.
Kanyanya IM, Othieno CJ, Ndete DM. Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among convicted sex offenders at Kamiti prison Kenya. East Afr Med J 2007;84:151-5.
The Chemistry and Chimera of Desire. 2019. Accessed on 20th February 2019.Available from: https://www.healthonline.com
Mahon N. New York Inmates HIV Risk behaviours: the implications for prevention policy and programs. Am J Public Health 1996;86:1211-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.86.9.1211
Power KG, Markova I, Rowlands A, et al. Sexual behaviours in Scottish prisons. BMJ 1991;302:1507. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.302.6791.1507-a
Adesanya A, Ohaeri JU, Ogunlesi AO, et al. Psychoactive substance abuse among inmates of a Nigerian prison population. Drug Alcohol Depend 1997;47:39-44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0376-8716(97)00067-7
Kennedy A. Criminal Intimacy: Prison and the Uneven History of Modern American Sexuality. Gender and Society 2009;23:412-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0891243209333790
Saliu A, Akintunde B. Knowledge, Attitude, and Preventive Practices among Prison Inmates in Ogbomoso Prison at Oyo State, South West Nigeria. Int J Reproduct Med 2014;363475. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/364375
PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.